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  Time Line of Historic Cameras (2/6)

1840 Charles Chevalier sliding box camera with folding bed. A Dovetail wood box made of mahogany built with Chevalier's "Photographe à Verres Combinés" rack and pinion adjustable lens.
1840 Alexander S. Wolcott invented a Daguerreotype camera that used a telescope-like mirror instead of a lens to concentrate light on the photographic plate. Wolcott licensed his camera design to Richard Beard, who opened the first portrait studio in Europe. This design is also important because it is considered to be the first American photographic patent.
1841 Peter Voigtlander designs and manufactures an all-metal daguerreotype camera with new fast achromatic lens based on the 1840 calculations of Joseph M. Petzval.

1843 - Joseph Puchberger of Retz, Austria, patents a daguerrotype panoramic camera with a hand crank driving a swing lens covering a 150 degree arc. The plates were 19 to 24 inches long.
1847 - Edward Anthony’s Improved, American Champered Rosewood and cedar daguerreotype camera. Non marked Petzval lens & Cap with Iron Center stand. Half Plate model with groundglass and Holder, Double trap door, top loading, with expandable rear focusing. Edward and his brother Henry T. Anthony establish the largest photogrpahic supply house in America E & H.T. Anthony.
1849 Sir David Brewster introduces a refracting lenticular stereoscope using convex lenses instead of mirrors. This was a significant improvement over Charles Wheatstone's invention of stereography. It was a portable box-type stereoscope. On the left is the orginal design and on the right a modern version.
1850 Marcus Sparling introduces the magazine-type camera which is recorded in an 1850 Daguerreian Journal. It can carry 10 wooden frames in a magazine.


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